There are various types of disorders of mental health. Psychological disorders are caused by a traumatic event, resulting in a psychological response that interferes with daily functioning. Examples of such disorders are generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. Mood disorders, also known as affective disorders, are characterized by persistent feelings of sadness or anguish, alternating periods of over happiness or extreme sadness. There are three major types of depression, including bipolar disorder, cyclic depression, and classic depression.
Whether a disorder is a symptom of an underlying physical or emotional condition, it is important to seek medical help to resolve the cause. In some cases, treatments may involve medicines and talk therapy. A primary care provider can help you determine what treatment is right for you. While it is not always necessary to have a diagnosis, it is the first step toward effective treatment. By seeking medical treatment, you will be on the road to recovery.
Psychological symptoms are often accompanied by physical symptoms, but the presence of multiple disorders is common among people with a similar genetic makeup. Certain genes may increase the risk of certain mental disorders, while life situations or environmental exposures may also trigger them. Moreover, the brain is a complex system of chemical signals called neurotransmitters. When these systems are malfunctioning, these signals cannot reach other parts of the brain and cause emotional disorders. While the brain is an important component of mental health, there is no single factor that can completely account for the causes of all disorders.
Some people may experience stigma because of mental illness. This often stems from a person’s stereotype. Such a person could be a friend, family member, neighbor, teacher, or even a celebrity. Remember that mental health problems can occur in anyone, and there is no one “right” way to treat them. It is best to treat mental illness as a unique individual and not a label. It is important to seek professional help early on, as it will help the person cope with the illness.
Despite advances in treatment for many mental disorders, access and coverage for these treatments remains a challenge. Public health policies should improve access to mental health care and help people overcome the negative consequences of depression. Mental health and substance abuse are critical to improving the health of all populations. The WHO has developed the WHO Special Initiative for Mental Health (2019-2023) to promote universal health coverage. While mental health is a complex issue, the WHO supports governments in their efforts to improve mental health.
Individuals with autism may experience problems in one or more of the four areas of mental functioning. They may have trouble with understanding or remembering what they need to do. They may also have problems with concentration and staying on task. They may also have difficulty in engaging in social situations or being able to self-regulate. These four areas of mental functioning are all important for daily functioning. The severity of mental illness will determine the treatment required and the level of care that may be necessary.