The degree to which someone experiences limitations in their daily lives is often an indication of mental health. Mental health professionals can use a variety of measures to help determine a person’s level of limitation. Symptoms, reported limitations, and assistance with daily living tasks are assessed. Evidence may also indicate a person’s diagnostic stage and level of disorder. Although these terms are generally used by clinicians, they may not correspond to the level of limitation outlined in paragraph B.
Some mental illnesses mimic physical conditions, such as thyroid problems, which can complicate a diagnosis. A medical doctor can perform a physical exam and perform blood work to make a mental health diagnosis. A mental health professional can also order neurological tests. Different cultures may also express and view symptoms differently. Despite the difficulty in diagnosis and treatment, the stigma of mental illness often prevents people from seeking treatment. For these reasons, it is critical to seek help.
Mood disorders can interfere with everyday life. Symptoms can include extreme highs and lows, physical and emotional symptoms, and even thoughts that may be unrelated. These disorders are also known as affective disorders and involve extreme changes in mood, which can lead to impulsivity and even self-harm. However, a person can have a combination of mental health problems, including bipolar disorder. When a person’s moods become uncontrollable, they may have an anxiety disorder.
Some people may experience psychosis. This disorder interferes with a person’s ability to think clearly and manage their emotions. A person may exhibit a variety of physical symptoms – abnormal bodily movements, gastrointestinal disorders, excessive fatigue, or hyperactivity. Some of these may also be accompanied by delusions or hallucinations. A diagnosis of psychosis requires an evaluation by a qualified professional. People with this condition can benefit from counseling.
Despite these challenges, there is hope. Many people who suffer from mental illness have recovered and moved on with their lives. Recovery can be defined as being able to function normally without the symptoms of the disorder. Treatment for mental illness focuses on restoring hope and healing. Social connections, educational programs, and financial assistance can all help people recover from the debilitating effects of mental illness. The sooner treatment begins, the better the outcome. Even if the symptoms are mild, the benefits of a treatment program may outweigh the negatives.
Whether a person lives with mental illness in their own country or in another, learning how to respond to an emergency can help. A trained mental health first aider is an essential resource for people in crisis. Mental health first aiders can be anyone – a friend, a family member, a mayor, or a stranger – who wants to improve their community. More than 2.5 million people have been trained in Mental Health First Aid, and over 15,000 instructors have taught the course.
Governments should protect the mental well-being of all citizens by making policies that target mental disorders. By limiting alcohol marketing, governments can also limit its availability. There are also effective measures for suicide prevention, child mental health, and treatment of substance use disorders. The mental health Gap Action Programme has provided evidence-based guidance for practitioners and the general public to help them make informed decisions. But even with this, policymakers need to understand the importance of the environment in promoting mental health.