Psychiatric illness is a mental disorder that disrupts the way a person thinks and feels. It may have an effect on the way a person interacts with others, such as affecting their ability to function in school or at work. Generally, a person suffering from psychological illness needs help from the community to deal with the symptoms. Some psychological illnesses may be short-lived, while others may persist for a long time. It is important for people with psychological illness to get help from a professional so they can deal with their symptoms and prevent relapses.
Psychological illness is divided into several categories, including phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), depression and psychotic disorders. These disorders can affect children, teens and adults. Psychotic disorders include schizophrenia, delusional disorder and hallucinations. A person with a depressive disorder may experience feelings of depression and hopelessness. Symptoms of OCD may be obsessive thoughts, compulsions or unwanted intrusive images.
Several psychological illnesses may be caused by factors in the family. For example, a person may have a traumatic event in their past that has affected their mental health. Another possible cause is a lack of social cohesion in a society. Other factors that have been implicated include employment problems, abuse, neglect and socioeconomic inequality.
A person suffering from a mental illness is likely to need help from their family, friends, and community. Psychological illnesses can be treated with psychotherapy, which involves modifying thought patterns and behaviors. Several psychotherapies are available, including cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, and systemic therapy.
A person’s mental state can also affect their physical health. Eating disorders, for example, are often caused by a combination of psychological and biological factors. The most common types of eating disorders are anorexia and bulimia. Other disorders that involve a person’s physical health include obsessive-compulsive disorders, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, and anxiety disorders. Some common anxiety disorders include social anxiety disorder and panic disorder.
A psychological illness can be difficult to deal with. Most parents believe that psychological illness is limited to adults. However, teens can develop mental health problems, including schizophrenia, and some may never experience psychosis again. This is because most mental illnesses begin in childhood and progress through the teenage years. In addition, adolescents are vulnerable to developing mental illness because they are experiencing changes in their brains. Psychological illness is a complex disorder, so it is important to get help from a trained professional.
Psychological illnesses are classified into categories based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). These are generally well-known in many countries. A newer manual is the ICD-10. It was published in 1992 and is now in use in most countries. It was designed to add new categories to the existing classification and to leave room for future expansion. It is available in an operationalized version for research purposes.
The classification of mental disorders is important because it defines behaviors that are unacceptable to society. It also provides a lenient threshold for the expectation that a person will change their behavior. These categories are also useful for defining a parallel line between the legal system and the mental health system.