Psychological illness can affect all areas of a person’s life and may be caused by several factors. Each individual’s overall health and social environment will determine the likely course of treatment. Some disorders may be short-term while others can last for a long time. Cognitive disorders, for example, affect the individual’s ability to function in daily life. They may also affect a person’s ability to obtain employment, develop the social and cognitive skills needed to be productive in a given job, or cope with the workplace culture.
A number of psychological disorders are treatable with psychotherapy. Some of the most common forms of psychotherapy focus on modifying thought and behavior patterns. Interpersonal psychotherapy, on the other hand, focuses on dealing with interpersonal conflicts. Psychoanalysis has long been the dominant school of thought in psychotherapy. Family therapy, which addresses the network of significant others, is also commonly used.
Studies show that a wide range of social and psychological factors are associated with the prevalence of psychological illnesses. Social deprivation and unemployment are two factors that correlate with depressive disorders. Depression is associated with a four-fold increased risk of suicide. This risk is higher in people who are severely depressed. Further, depressive disorders are associated with acts of violence against others, including homicide. Depression can also affect marital relationships. It may lead to the neglect of children and other significant disturbances in the home.
The main characteristics of psychological illnesses include their frequency, severity, and duration. For instance, the symptoms of schizophrenia may vary widely. These symptoms are often a result of distorted and excessive thinking patterns. In some cases, the symptoms of schizophrenia can be treated with prescribed medications. In some cases, people with this disorder are able to control the symptoms and return to normal life.
PTSD can interfere with occupational, social, and educational functioning. People with PTSD may even lose their jobs because of the symptoms, which can be devastating for their finances. Additionally, it has a profound impact on the quality of their social relationships. Individuals with PTSD often develop problems with family and friends, and may even break off important relationships.
In the United Kingdom alone, a high number of people experience psychological illness. While it may affect their quality of life, it also has a substantial impact on the health system and society as a whole. Mental illness is not cheap, and its costs are rising. By using healthcare resources wisely, the benefits of treating psychological illness can be maximized.
The best way to treat psychological illness is to identify it early. Studies show that one out of six people in the community has a psychological disorder, and more than half have significant symptoms. Many of these people have non-specific mixed anxiety and depressive symptoms while some have specific anxiety disorders. There are several reasons for this, but early detection and assessment are crucial.