Psychological illness affects a person’s emotions, thought processes, behaviour and relationships. Some mental illnesses last a short time, while others can be long-term. Mental illness is a serious problem. It can be treated by a healthcare provider who specializes in treating psychological conditions. These disorders often involve depression, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
A psychological illness can occur in any part of your life, and it disrupts your ability to function in normal ways. Symptoms of a depressive episode may include feelings of hopelessness and lack of energy, as well as thoughts of death. Treatment for a depressive episode may involve medicines and therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a popular type of psychotherapy. The goal of this therapy is to change your behavior patterns.
Depression is the most common type of psychological illness. People with this disease may have symptoms such as feeling unable to focus, having low energy, feeling worthless, and avoiding social situations. It is usually diagnosed through a depressive episode, which can last more than two weeks. Although there is no cure, recent advancements have made it more manageable.
Social anxiety disorders are also common. Symptoms of social anxiety disorder include extreme fear of social situations and a fear of being judged. They can interfere with daily functioning and lead to a decrease in educational performance. Other types of anxiety include obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) and specific phobias.
Obsessions are defined as unwanted intrusive thoughts, images or ideas. Usually, these are considered unreasonable or excessive. Symptoms can arise when a person is alone, and can change after treatment. Factitious disorders are also possible. Symptoms may appear after a person has had a negative test result. In such cases, a healthcare professional can diagnose a person with a factitious disorder.
Psychological illness is more common than previously believed. Studies have shown that one in six adults has a mental health disorder. This is in large part due to demographic factors. For example, certain genes increase the risk of mental illness. There are many specific therapies for a variety of psychological illnesses, and mental health professionals frequently use an eclectic approach.
Some studies have suggested that certain environmental factors may be linked to the development of certain mental disorders. Such exposures include social stress, abuse, and trauma. Additionally, environmental factors may be related to birth. However, the relationship between these factors and the development of a psychological disorder is unclear.
The biopsychosocial model is a framework that combines biological and social factors. It is a major paradigm in contemporary mainstream Western psychiatry. Biological factors such as the production of neurotransmitters, the activity of the brain, and genetics are important factors in the development of these disorders.
Some people with psychological illnesses require community support. Their family members, friends, and workplace can all play an important role in their recovery. If you or someone you know is suffering from a psychological illness, call your local mental health clinic for help. Whether you need to find out what treatments are available, or to learn more about the process of coping with this condition, you’ll be glad you did.