Psychological illness is a complex problem that often has negative social and cultural stigmas. Although it is not possible to identify every person who experiences such symptoms, there are some common patterns. The DSM-IV and other diagnostic manuals use Euro-American-centric criteria. Moreover, some diagnoses are difficult to make because of cultural bias. Nonetheless, efforts are being made to reduce cultural biases and promote effective treatment. However, this does not guarantee that everyone suffering from psychological illness will receive effective treatment.
In the 19th century, industrialization led to the massive expansion of asylums in the Western world. As a result, different classification schemes were developed by different authorities. In 1808, the term psychiatry was coined. As the medical field evolved, different classification systems were developed and psychiatrists became known as alienists. As the 20th century began, psychoanalysis and the Kraepelin classification scheme were used to treat patients. As a result, asylums began to be referred to as “hospitals” and their “inmates” were referred to as “patients.”
Dissociative disorders are also classified as psychological illnesses. These disorders involve serious disruptions in a person’s self-identity and awareness. In addition to depersonalization, dissociative disorders can include stealing, pyromania, and gambling addiction. In severe cases, they may be labeled as multiple personality disorder. But regardless of the type of disorder, a person suffering from a particular type of psychological illness will have a unique set of symptoms.
Media portrayals of mental illness are more negative than positive. The majority of psychological illnesses are portrayed in negative ways, with children’s cartoons contributing to the stigma. But in recent decades, sensitivity in the way these diseases are depicted has improved. It is important to note that women are still twice as likely as men to commit suicide. This disparity is also true in psychiatric disorders, where 75 percent of deaths are attributed to mental illness.
When considering the type of treatment for psychological illness, it is important to note that there are many treatments. In general, healthcare providers may refer a patient to a psychiatrist or psychologist. However, psychiatrists and psychologists are experts in mental health issues and diagnose patients based on the patient’s physical and psychological condition. The diagnosis is based on a patient’s history, observed behavior, and the exclusion of physical illness. If a patient shows any of the above symptoms, it is important to visit a medical professional for a proper diagnosis.
Bipolar disorder is a condition in which a person experiences both manic and depressive episodes. While a person experiencing manic episodes may feel euphoric and inflated, they may be unable to sleep or exhibit other psychotic symptoms. Fortunately, there are several treatments for this disorder, including medication and psychosocial support. So, if you are concerned about your emotional health or you are worried about a loved one, consider seeking help from a medical professional.
Post-traumatic stress disorder is a common form of emotional distress that is often triggered by a traumatic event. People affected by this condition may experience nightmares, flashbacks, or intrusive images and sensory impressions from their traumatic experiences. The traumatic memories of these events cause intense distress, including difficulty concentrating, trouble sleeping, and increased irritability. People affected by PTSD also have difficulty expressing positive feelings, such as anger, fear, and sadness. Symptoms typically last for several months after the traumatic event. Once diagnosed, however, recovery can take place.