Psychological health is the ability to think, feel and act in a way that promotes well-being and positive life outcomes. It is influenced by genetics, environmental factors and lifestyle choices.
Psychologists and psychotherapists are mental health professionals who treat a wide variety of conditions, including anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, personality disorders, addiction and substance abuse. They also provide support and education to individuals and groups coping with stressful situations, bereavement, grief and other challenges that may affect their mental health (American Psychological Association, 2009).
They are trained in various types of therapy and science-based treatment options for these conditions. They are a vital part of the healthcare system, as they help people manage their mental health conditions and live better lives.
Therapists often work in private practice, hospital and clinic settings, with individual and group clients. They are able to provide emotional and mental health support through individual, family and group counseling sessions that focus on understanding the issues and finding solutions.
Research shows that a person’s psychological health can directly impact their physical health and lifespan. This is because mental health problems can be a trigger for chronic and debilitating diseases, such as cancer and heart disease.
There are many ways to maintain good psychological health, including identifying and taking steps to prevent problems in the first place, maintaining healthy relationships with others, staying active and eating nutritious foods. However, if you are experiencing mental health difficulties, it is important to seek help from a professional as soon as possible.
Choosing the right health care provider is one of the most important decisions you can make about your overall mental health. A therapist can offer guidance, advice and compassion to help you find the answers you need and feel more comfortable discussing your issues.
Some therapists specialize in specific types of treatments. These include talk therapy and cognitive behavioral therapies, which are designed to reduce symptoms of mental health conditions and promote wellness. They also offer medication management, psychiatric rehabilitation and other services.
It is also important to understand that the quality of a therapeutic relationship is dependent on a clinician’s cultural competency. This is especially true for marginalized populations and those with limited access to healthcare services.
In addition, psychologists should consider the social determinants of their clients’ health as these are known to shape their health experience and behaviors, including access to care, insurance coverage, educational levels and employment opportunities. These determinants may be at the local level, such as access to health care and housing, or global, such as social and economic inequalities.