A psychological illness is a mental disorder characterized by significant disturbances in one’s thoughts, feelings, or behavior. These disturbances are unusual, and often self-defeating. These behaviors also disturb others. A person suffering from a psychological illness should seek professional treatment as soon as possible. Listed below are the symptoms of psychological illness. Read on for more information. But first, what exactly is psychological illness? This article will briefly explore three common types of psychological illnesses.
Psychiatry has defined a psychological illness as a disorder that affects an individual’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior. Psychological illness is classified according to the symptomology, which includes changes in behavior, self-image, and perception. In addition to physical symptoms, psychological illnesses can also impact a person’s occupational functioning, including the ability to find a job and perform cognitive and social tasks required for the occupation. Some people experience problems in their daily lives, as well, such as problems with housing.
Symptoms of psychological illnesses can include: depression, anxiety, and eating disorders. Common forms of anxiety include generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, and panic disorder. More severe types of anxiety include schizoaffective disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and agoraphobia. Psychotic disorders, on the other hand, are characterized by the presence of a mental illness that interferes with a person’s daily functioning.
Although there is no single universally accepted definition of psychological illness, clinical psychologists use defined symptom lists and guidelines to diagnose it. One such manual, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM-5, lists categories of mental disorders. These manuals generally contain standardized criteria and descriptions of each disorder, along with treatments. Despite these differences, most psychological disorders are categorized separately from learning disabilities and intellectual disability. They are therefore not the same.
The prevalence of mental illness varies greatly between individuals and cultures. Some people suffer from depression because they feel hopeless, unable to cope with life’s circumstances, or are ashamed of themselves. Others develop the condition because of the stigma associated with the disease. The NIMH reports that in the U.S., over 11 million adults suffer from serious mental illness annually, which represents about 4.5% of the population. In women, it is more likely to affect women than men.
The choice between a psychiatrist and a psychologist can be difficult, but the treatment for a psychological illness is largely dependent on which type of professional the patient is seeking. Some psychiatrists only prescribe medications while other practitioners offer both therapy and medication. There are several important differences between a psychologist and a psychiatrist. Some psychiatrists offer psychotherapy, while others don’t. There are many benefits and disadvantages to each. To learn more about mental health care professionals, visit the National Institute of Mental Health.
Mood disorders, or bipolar disorder, can negatively impact the quality of your life. Bipolar disorder causes a person to experience alternating periods of high and low mood, characterized by periods of extreme happiness and sadness. It can affect relationships, work, or school performance. Severe depression can even lead to suicidal thoughts. Treatment for bipolar disorder depends on the severity of the episode. Psychotherapy and antidepressant medications can help in many cases.