During their lifetime, everyone will experience a variety of changes in their mental equilibrium. These changes will occur in various life stages, including adolescence, marriage and retirement. Throughout these phases, people are exposed to different social, economic, and cultural challenges. These can create a range of pressures, which can exceed an individual’s coping capacity. This is when mental health disorders can develop.
Despite their differences, most people with mental illnesses live full and happy lives. Some people find it helpful to talk to a mental health professional. Others take prescribed medications to help them feel better. Some use self-help methods like journaling and breathing exercises. Some people also engage in mental health counseling to help them develop more positive thought patterns and reduce the risk of self-harm.
Mental health has many important aspects, including basic cognitive and social skills, a positive relationship between the mind and body, and the ability to empathize with others. These skills are crucial for people to be able to function in a variety of social roles. This basic capacity for meaningful social interactions helps people to be resilient against distress. It also helps them to develop the social skills that they will need in the future.
Some people who have a serious mental illness find it helpful to have a measure of independence. They may also find it helpful to have a measure of achievement. This can help to reduce the impact that the condition has on their lives.
People with a mental illness may need to get support from friends and family. Sometimes, they may also require a hospital stay to help them recover. It is important to seek help as early as possible. This can help minimize further harm and accelerate recovery. In the U.S., nearly one in six adults suffer from a mental health disorder. This includes depression, anxiety, and panic disorder.
Many mental illnesses have a biological basis. The brains of people who suffer from mental disorders are affected by neurotransmitters, naturally occurring brain chemicals. These chemicals send signals to other parts of the brain and affect nerve receptor function. Impaired neurotransmitter networks can lead to emotional disorders.
The WHO emphasizes the importance of community-based mental health care. It also provides evidence-based guidelines and tools to help people improve their mental health. The WHO also provides strategic leadership and technical support. It promotes mental health and mental health care in humanitarian settings, and emphasizes the importance of empowering people with lived experience. Its comprehensive action plan on mental health aims to promote community-based care, research and evidence-based promotion and prevention strategies.
People with mental illnesses can also experience stigma. Stigma often erects barriers to recovery, causing many people to avoid seeking treatment. This can affect their ability to participate in society. It is important to understand that stigma can also contribute to social exclusion and isolation.
Mental health treatment is personalized for each person’s symptoms and goals. Common treatments include talk therapy, medications, and support groups. Some people also use mindfulness exercises, which include meditation and yoga. These exercises can be done in person or online.