Mental health is a state of mind that defines the level of psychological well-being and the capacity of individuals to cope with life’s demands. It includes mental capabilities such as optimism, hope, and a strong sense of self-direction. In addition, it is comprised of the social factors that influence an individual’s health, such as community, religion, and employment.
While it is important to maintain good mental health, there are a number of situations in which this is not achievable. For example, people who are emotionally unstable may need to seek professional help. This is why it is crucial to identify mental disorders early. Treatments are more effective if they are applied in combination. There are several options for addressing a depressed mood, including psychotherapy, medications, and a support network. A physician can be a helpful resource when it comes to determining whether a person needs professional assistance.
Besides being a key component of the healthy mind concept, mental health has been shown to be a largely overlooked area of public health. In fact, less than 2% of the world’s budget is allocated to this domain. Most countries are insufficiently funded to ensure the well-being of their citizens. Moreover, resources are inequitably distributed, limiting the effectiveness of programs to address mental illness.
The World Health Organization’s (WHO) comprehensive mental health action plan is intended to increase research, promote mental health care, and strengthen evidence based policy. In addition, it also promotes a multisectoral approach to mental health. The WHO emphasizes human rights and provides strategic leadership to address the health needs of populations throughout the globe.
Mental health can affect anyone, at any age. Most people have at least one psychiatric disorder at some point in their lives, and some develop more than one. Mental health can be affected by environmental factors such as genetics. Symptoms may appear for a short period of time or become more severe over the course of a lifetime. However, most cases of mental illness are genetically based and have biological underpinnings.
The most basic cognitive skills involve the ability to pay attention, remember, and solve problems. Basic social skills include the ability to communicate with others. Other defining characteristics of good mental health include the ability to establish and maintain meaningful relationships, and the capacity to handle interpersonal demands in a constructive manner.
However, the most important attribute of good mental health is the presence of appropriate human emotions. People who are mentally healthy tend to be happy, sad, and angry, and to feel like they can control their environment. If a person is in a bad mood, they may benefit from relaxation techniques, such as meditation. They may also require a significant amount of support from their family or friends.
The DSM-5, or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, is a widely used manual for the diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses. Although it can be controversial, it has been found to be a reliable tool for identifying the most common mental disorders.