There are many types of treatment for psychological illness. These treatments are available in psychiatric hospitals, clinics, and a variety of community mental health services. Some countries also use a recovery approach whereby an individual’s personal journey through treatment is supported. The most appropriate treatment depends on the type of disorder and the person’s circumstances. Sometimes, treatment is provided against the person’s will, which can be problematic. In such cases, it is crucial to find a treatment that works for the individual.
Diagnosis is based on a series of tests and examinations. Psychological health professionals examine a person’s appearance and behavior, and ask them to report symptoms. They also ask about their history and present life circumstances. A physical examination is also performed to determine if a person is suffering from any underlying physical problems. Psychological testing may involve computerized questionnaires or paper-and-pen tests. Many mental illnesses have multiple underlying causes, and comorbidity is common.
The evolution of treatment for psychological illnesses has changed over time. Some studies point to a shift from asylum-based care to community-based treatment. For example, a large increase in shell shock during World War I resulted in the development of a new psychiatric manual. This manual incorporated existing hospital and census data. This manual included a section on psychological disorders in the International Classification of Diseases. In the 1930s, research on endocrinology led to the introduction of the term “stress.” In addition, a large number of asylums renamed themselves to be more accessible and welcoming to patients. During this time, new psychiatric treatments were developed, such as electroconvulsive therapy and insulin shock therapy. In addition, lobotomies and chlorpromazine were used as neuroleptic drugs.
A person suffering from a psychological illness may experience alternating episodes of mania and depression. Manic episodes may include symptoms of hyperactivity and inflated self-esteem, while depressive episodes are characterized by feelings of extreme sadness and little energy. In some cases, a person may suffer from hypomania, a milder form of mania. In other cases, a person may experience both mania and depression, but with varying degrees of severity.
The symptoms of a psychological illness can vary greatly, but some can be triggered by environmental factors. Stressors at home or at school, such as bullying, are often a contributing factor. Traumatic events are also a common cause. Fortunately, the symptoms of psychosis can be managed with a treatment plan that will help a person manage symptoms and prevent relapse. If you suspect a loved one is suffering from a psychological illness, be sure to ask them for help. They are often the best people to talk to about the various treatment options.
When seeking medical treatment for a psychological disorder, your healthcare provider may refer you to a psychiatrist or a psychologist. These professionals are specially trained in diagnosing and treating mental health disorders. These professionals will evaluate the patient to rule out physical illness and identify psychological issues. They will then use diagnostic categories to determine the best treatment for the person suffering from the problem. So, it is important to seek out a professional to determine whether or not you have a mental disorder.