Depression can occur for a variety of reasons. Sometimes it develops suddenly, but more often, it is the result of a combination of factors. Stress in the past, long-term problems, and abusive relationships can all increase the risk of depression. A person’s personality may also contribute to depression. People who worry excessively, have low self-esteem, or are perfectionists are often more likely to suffer from depression. Other causes include serious medical issues and life events that cause a person to withdraw from society.
There are many ways to combat depression. One method involves reading self-help books or joining support groups. These groups are a great place to share your experiences. Another option is to consult with a doctor or therapist. A mental health professional will conduct a thorough diagnostic evaluation. This evaluation will include a medical history and a physical exam. The health professional may also order blood tests to rule out other medical causes of depression. If a medical cause is found, reversing it may help alleviate the symptoms of depression.
Symptoms of depression may include a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in activities and experiences. Untreated depression may lead to physical and emotional problems, and people with the disorder may feel like life isn’t worth living. Although depression often requires long-term treatment, most cases improve after medication and psychotherapy.
Antidepressants are one of the many options available for treating depression. Antidepressants affect certain brain chemicals and can help a patient feel better and more energetic. However, antidepressants take time to work. If they don’t work, the patient may need to change their medicine, or take it in a different way. In addition to medication, therapists can help patients cope with negative feelings by improving their relationships with others and their environment.
Certain stressful life events can also trigger depression. For instance, a death of a loved one can lead to severe depression. Other factors include lack of social support and isolation. There are also certain personality traits that increase the risk of depression. These traits may come from genetics or early life experiences. However, they do not mean that you will develop depression.
Some of the symptoms of depression include fatigue, problems sleeping, and irritability. You may also lose interest in activities you once enjoyed. Chronic body aches and pain are also common symptoms. Eventually, you may find it difficult to keep a normal schedule and to make decisions. In severe cases, you may be unable to maintain your regular job.
Depression can be treated with medication or therapy. The sooner you begin treatment, the better. Psychotherapy may involve medications and lifestyle changes. If left untreated, even mild cases can become severe.