Psychological illness can interfere with everyday life and disrupt cognition, emotion, and behavior. It affects all aspects of your life, and you need the support of your family and community. There are several ways to treat psychological disorders, including medicine and therapy. You can also learn about mental health resources in your area.
The causes of psychological illnesses are diverse. Different theories and models have been developed to explain how they arise and why they persist. Some of the most common conditions are anxiety and depression, which can be treated by medicines or therapy. A depressive episode can result in feelings of hopelessness and a lack of energy. Other illnesses, such as schizophrenia, affect your ability to think clearly and relate to others.
Mental disorders are classified according to their symptomatology and cause. Several factors have been identified as contributing to the development of these disorders, including genetics, social environment, and stress in your life. Most people with a psychological illness require the support of their family and community to maintain a healthy, fulfilling life.
In the past, people with these illnesses were often stigmatized. However, this has changed significantly in recent years. Psychiatrists and other professionals are more understanding of how psychological illnesses affect patients, families, and communities. They are more open and willing to discuss the causes of psychological disorders and help people who are struggling with them.
As a result, people with psychiatric conditions have a better chance of surviving and thriving. In addition, advances in neuroscience have made it possible for researchers to develop new research and treatment agendas.
Historically, mental disorders have been categorized based on the perception of reality. Often the disorder is manifested through a depressive episode, which can include feeling hopeless, a lack of energy, and thoughts of death. This is a common diagnosis in adults, and most commonly occurs as a result of a traumatic event. For example, a car accident, a physical assault, or a robbery can be a source of a depressive episode.
During the 19th century, massive expansion of insane asylums occurred in Western countries. Eventually, the care of “inmates” at these facilities became harsh. These institutions were renamed hospitals. In the 1970s, benzodiazepines and antipsychotic drugs were widely prescribed. SSRI-type antidepressants were later introduced, and became the most prescribed drugs in the world.
In the 20th century, the consumer/survivor movement gained momentum. Many ex-patient groups have become militantly anti-psychiatric. Nonetheless, some of these groups continue to refer to themselves as survivors.
Psychological illness is more common than previously thought. About 1 in 5 Americans experiences some form of mental illness at some point in their lives. Symptoms of psychological illnesses can be feigned, and many are reported for the purposes of personal gain.
Treatment of psychological illness is offered in psychiatric clinics and in a wide range of community mental health services. Whether you are struggling with an illness or have a family member, the sooner you seek help, the better.