Psychological illness is a term used to describe a range of conditions that affect the way an individual thinks, feels and behaves. It is a serious condition that can impact an individual’s health, relationships, and work.
There are many causes of psychological disorders. These include biological factors such as genetics, brain injury or developmental problems and psychological influences such as stressors and trauma. Some disorders may also be triggered by a person’s socioeconomic circumstances and the social environment in which they live.
In recent years, there have been many advances in the understanding of mental disorders. This has led to the development of new treatment strategies and an increased emphasis on prevention.
A variety of treatments can be employed to manage and prevent mental illness, including medication and psychotherapy. These are often paired with support services to ensure a full recovery.
Psychotherapy is a form of therapeutic treatment that involves talking to a trained mental health professional. It can help you understand what is happening and how to change your behaviours and feelings so you can enjoy a more positive life.
Some people find that talking to a professional about their mental health can help them feel better and take control of their situation. They can also learn how to cope with the symptoms of their condition and deal with recurrent episodes.
The aim of mental illness treatment is to improve a person’s quality of life and reduce the risk of developing a further disorder. It may involve the use of a wide range of therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy, exposure therapy, interpersonal therapy and peer support groups.
Medication is another important type of treatment and can be prescribed by a doctor (GP) or a psychiatrist. These medications can treat specific mental health conditions, such as anxiety and depression. These can have different effects on the body, so it is important to discuss any potential side effects with your GP or psychiatrist before taking them.
These drugs are often prescribed to stabilise the mood and can be helpful in managing symptoms such as mania or depression, but they are not a cure for the disorder. They are not suitable for everyone and can cause serious harm if taken in high doses or taken without medical advice.
Other treatments may include brain stimulation therapies and complementary and alternative medicines that do not have the same side effects as medication. They can be used when medication does not seem to be working or if there are other issues with an individual’s treatment.
In some cases, a combination of medication and psychotherapy is recommended to promote a positive outcome. This can include medication with or without psychological interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy, peer support and other community supports.
Some types of mental illness can be prevented with certain protective and coping mechanisms, such as maintaining a healthy diet and exercise. Keeping a positive mental attitude, and ensuring that you have access to transport, friends, and meaningful paid or voluntary activities can also help with recovery.